The development objectives of the Second Water Conservation Project for China are to improve agriculture water management and to increase agriculture water productivity in the Project areas. There are four components to the project. The first component of the project is water works and water-saving facilities. The component improves the physical conditions and delivery efficiency of the irrigation systems in 24 project counties. The second component of the project is agricultural water-saving measures and support services. The component provide financial and technical support to reduce non-beneficial evapo-transpiration (ET), increase the resilience of the farm community to climate change, and increase farm yield and output value. The thrid component of the project is management measures and institutional development. The component is carries out programs to improve agricultural water management capacity of irrigation management staff and user communities. The fourth component is project management and implementation support.
The project finances the construction of water works and water saving facilities such as canals, pump stations and on-farm works. Support is provided to reduce non-beneficial evapo-transpiration (ET), increase the resilience of farm community to climate change, and increase farm yield and output value through activities related to land leveling, crop residue utilization, plastic membrane covering for soil moisture preservation, balanced fertilizer applications, new seeds verity application, farmland deep-ploughing, integrated pest management demonstration, and green houses for growing high-value vegetables and fruits.
In addition, the project helps to improve agricultural water management capacity of irrigation management staff and user communities, including participatory irrigation management, training of farmers in irrigation management and agricultural technologies, development of water resources management plans in selected counties, innovative water resources management pilot schemes, and applied research on salinity control in high groundwater table areas of Ningxia and ET-based water resources management planning in water scarce areas of Shanxi.
With the project, about 259 water user associations are created or improved, and farmers may participate directly in the selection of irrigation schemes for rehabilitation, implementation of on-farm works, as well as training for irrigation management and agricultural technologies. Water users associations shall take over the responsibility of managing completed irrigation systems below the secondary canals. Their members, particularly those in the pilot counties can also take part in groundwater monitoring and management.
The project shall benefit about 1.3 million farmers in 24 counties in the three provinces. About 25 percent of the beneficiaries are poor farmers and about 50 percent are women. Water savings and improved agriculture water management will also benefit the general population and township industries in the project areas.
The World Bank loan will finance slightly over half of the total project cost estimated at US$159.45 million, with the rest to be covered by counterpart funds from governments at national, provincial and county levels, as well as contributions from project beneficiary communities.
MINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES, HEBEI, NINGXIA AND SHANXI
Total Project Cost**
US$ 160.00 million
US$ 80.00 million
Irrigation and drainage
Public administration- Water, sanitation and flood protection
Agricultural extension and research
Water resource management
Rural services and infrastructure
Other rural development
Rural policies and institutions
* Theme Classification did not exist at the time project was approved
** Total project cost includes funding from World Bank and non-bank sources in US$ millions. Active and Closed projects show commitment at Board approval. It does not reflect any cancellations. Proposed (pipeline) and dropped projects show the forecast amount. The commitment amount for projects in the pipeline is indicative and may be modified during the project preparation.
*** Borrower refers to the Borrower of a Loan or Recipient of a Grant